HOUSEHOLD OBJECTS

 

TRYPILIAN SECTION

 

 

HOME OF THE PREHISTORIC FARMERS

 

 

There are more than a thousand Trypilian settlements discovered to-date. Built in curved rows, wattle-and-daub houses had gabled roofs and clay floors. The ground floor housed a storage room and a pen for animals. On the upper level, the living room had a round window opposite the entrance and the arched oven to the right. Under the round window, there was an elevated round or cruciform platform, possibly an alter. To the left of the entrance, there was another elevated platform along the wall, with pots of different sizes displayed on it. The villagers decorated the plastered walls of their homes with red-ochre designs similar to those found on their pottery.

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HOUSEHOLD OBJECTS

Approximately 10 000 years ago, as the climate warmed up, many hunter-gatherer communities began cultivating crops and turning to a sedentary way of life. Known as the Neolithic Revolution, it was one of the most significant developments in human history. Trypilian farmers grew hulled barley and wheat (einkorn, emmer and spelt) that were first domesticated in the Near East. Hulled wheat provided high calorie diet, with the protein content 50% higher than non-hulled wheat. Wild hulled wheat still grows in Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria. According to archeological research, early Trypilians arrived in present-day Ukraine through the Balkans from the Near East.

 

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IMAGE CITATION

1. Spoon, 5th Millennium B.C.

Ukraine, Vinnitsa region. Ceramics

2. Ladle, 4th Millennium B.C.

Ukraine, Vinnitsa region. Ceramics

3. Goblet with Snakes, 4400-4100 B.C.

Ukraine, Chercas’ka region. Ceramics

4. Axe,  500-2800 B.C.

Copper: casting

5.  Mortar, 4000-2500 B.C.

Basalt

6. Zoomorphic Bowl, 3800-3600 B.C.

Ukraine, Khmel’nitska region. Ceramics

7. Zoomorphic Statuette with Wheels, 3950-3650 B.C.

Ukraine, Chercas’ka region. Ceramics

8.  Zoomorphic Figurine,  3850-3500 B.C.

Ukraine, Khmel’nitska region. Ceramics

9. Zoomorphic Knife, 2800-2500 B.C.

Stone

10. Model of a House, 3850-3650 B.C.

Ukraine, Khmel’nitska region. Ceramics

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Next Section:  Zoomorphic Pottery