SARMATIAN GOLDEN TREASURES

THE SARMATIANS SECTIONS:

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GOLDEN TREASURES: ANIMAL MOTIFS

 

 

The Animal Style of the Hellenistic period differs from the earlier decorative approache developed by Scythian artisans whose animal designs resemble heraldic representations. As Sarmatian tribes became the masters of the steppe, the artists began to focus on scenes of struggle rather than on individual animals, bringing into their creations the dynamism and the tension of a mortal combat between predators and their victims.

Vessels with animal-shaped handles were known to many ancient cultures from China to Persia. Appearing on the artifacts of the Sarmatian period, animal-shaped handles may be interpreted as a sign of the Iranian influence. Moreover, zoomorphic handles were typical of Sarmatian culture. Animals were positioned with their heads looking towards the rim in order to protect the contents. The Sarmatians believed that animal images formed a protection against evil spirits.

 

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IMAGE CITATION:

1. Necklace, 1st Century B.C.

Gold, carnelian: hammering, soldering, grinding

2.  Necklace, 1st-5th Centuries A.D.

Gold, carnelian, glass past: forging, soldering, stamping, polishing

3.  Necklace with Lunar Pendant, 1st-3rd Centuries A.D.

Gold, turquoise, carnelian, glass:hammering, engraving, carving, filigree, granulation

4.  Diadem, 2nd-1st Centuries B.C.

Gold, nephrite, agate, carnelian, glass, garnet: hammering, brazing, grinding, carving

5.  Neck Decoration, 4th-6th Centuries A.D.

Gold, turquoise, carnelian, glass, jade: forging, casting, engraving, inlay, carving

6.  Finger Ring, 2nd-1st Centuries B.C.

Gold, chalcedony: excision, hammering, brazing, repousse

7.  Bracelets,  1st Century A.D.

Gold, glass: hammering, embossing, incrustation, filigree, granulation

8. Bracelets, 4th-6th Centuries A.D.

Gold, jade, garnet, topaz, enamel: forging, engraving, granulation, encrustation

9.  Bracelets,  2nd Century B.C.-1st Century A.D.

Gold: hammering, soldering, stamping

10. Belt-Plaque, 2nd-1st Centuries B.C.

Bronze: molding, gilding

11.  Belt-Plaque,  5th-2nd Centuries B.C.

Bronze: molding, gilding

12.  Earrings,  1st-5th Centuries A.D.

Gold: stamping, soldering, forging, granulation, filigree

13.  Earrings,  2nd-3rd Centuries A.D.

Gold, chalcedony: excision, hammering, brazing, repousse

14.  Temple Pendants, 1st-2nd Centuries A.D.

Gold, chalcedony: soldering, granulation, torsion, polishing

15.  Earrings, 3rd Century A.D.

Gold, carnelian, glass: hammering, filigree, soldering

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Next Section: Kyvian Rus

 

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