Archive for 2008

Mariya Fedorovna Dobrina. Changing Shifts. Oil on Canvas, 18 7/8" x 40". Private American Collection.

Fade to Black: The Composition of Shadow

33 paintings, Lower Gallery

This exhibition explores themes of darkness, nighttime and shadows during the Socialist Realist period of Russian art.  In the official art of Socialist Realism, ‘light’ was a universal metaphor for Soviet life that promised a radiant future to the people.  Soviet artists were expected to produce artwork that was infused with energy and sunlight fit for exposure at state-supported and censored exhibitions.  These scenes, lacking an identifiable source of light, display an experimental desire of Soviet artists that was never completely suppressed.

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The Descent into Hell, ca. 1670. Tempera on wooden panel. 75 x 58 cm. Yaroslavl Art Museum, Yaroslavl, Russia.

Transcendent Art: Icons from Yaroslavl, Russia

54 icons from the Yaroslavl Art Museum in the Main and Mezzanine Galleries

This exhibition features 54 extraordinary icons from the Yaroslavl Art Museum. The treasured, and once venerated icons on view were painted in the 17th and 18th centuries, considered “The Golden Age” of Yaroslavl’s cultural and commercial life. Separating the exquisite icons of Yaroslavl from others of the same period is the highly decorative quality, the free composition, the mass of architectural detail and lavishly decorated robes to tell a story through a common symbolic language.

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Prokudin-Gorskii, Sergei Mikhailovich. Family in Yurt, Central Asia. 1 negative (3 frames) : glass, b&w, three-color separation. Library of Congress, Prokudin-Gorskii Collection.

The Lost Empire: Photographer to the Tsar

Lower Gallery

Visitor’s Guide

The remarkable photographs of Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii offer a haunting glimpse into a lost world—
the Russian Empire on the eve of World War I and before the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.  With the support of Tsar Nicholas II, Prokudin-Gorskii traveled throughout the vast reaches of the Russian Empire, carefully documenting its people, architecture, landscape and industry.  Using an innovative camera of his own design, Prokudin-Gorskii captured subjects in vivid color.  TMORA presents 23 stunning images, borrowed from the Library of Congress, in a custom-designed light installation.

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Aleksandr Mikhailovich Gerasimov After The Rain Oil on Canvas 22 1 2 x 23 3 8
Aleksandr Mikhailovich Gerasimov. After the Rain. 1930s, Oil on Canvas. Private American Collection.

Russian Impressionism: On the Edge of Soviet Art

Main and Mezzanine Galleries

This exhibit of 54 fine art paintings traces the historical evolution and influence of impressionist painting from its roots in 19th century France to its successful transplantation in pre-Revolutionary Russia. Although impressionism was routinely suppressed by the Communist Party as a foreign-inspired and socially decadent art form for over six decades, Russian artists never abandoned their affection for and use of impressionist brush techniques and color pallet. Impressionism survived behind closed doors and re-emerged as a dynamic and beloved art form that is uniquely Russian.

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Malle Leis. Untitled. Serigraph.

Printmaking from Soviet Estonia

Prints from the Zimmerli Museum and Rutgers University in the Lower Gallery

“Art was a controlled substance in Russia and the Communist-bloc countries of Eastern Europe during much of the Soviet era (1922-91). While government censors tried to restrict what artists painted or sculpted – especially anything with a religious or political theme – they largely ignored etchings, lithographs and other prints because they were considered minor art forms. A new show of 41 Soviet-era Estonian prints, on loan from Rutgers University, suggests that a lot of social commentary slipped under the official radar in those days. The Rutgers collection specializes in “nonconformist” art, meaning pieces that ignored or defied the official party line.”  (Mary Abbe, Star Tribune)

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